This volume contains the proceedings of the twenty third international Conference on Legal Knowledge and Information Systems (JURIX 2010), which was held December 15th–17th at the University of Liverpool in the United Kingdom. The Jurix conferences are held under the auspices of the Dutch Foundation for Legal Knowledge Systems (www.jurix.nl).
This year we had 36 submissions from 18 countries from all five continents
We need to start an AI&Law community on Antarctica.
We need to start an AI&Law community on Antarctica.
The selected papers cover a wide range of topics, from standards for identifying case law to models of democratic deliberation. Many deal with formal or computational models of (parts of) legal reasoning: Araszkiewicz on reasoning with legal principles, Bench-Capon & Prakken on democratic deliberation, Bex & Walton on burdens and standards of proof, Governatori & Sartor also on burdens of proof, Grabmair & Ashley on argumentation with value judgments, Smith et al. on temporal reasoning in normative multi-agent systems. Another group of papers deals with research facilitating the access to sources of law: Bartoloni & Francesconi discuss the use of machine learning to map different thesauri, Hoekstra et al. the use of case frames to improve the access to case law, van Opijnen a way to resolve and standardize case law citations. A third group of papers is centred around grasping the semantics of sources of law using some sort of natural language processing: de Maat et al. compare machine learning to an explicit pattern based approach to classify sentences in legislation, Takano et al. try to formalize paragraphs of legal text using parsing and text patterns, Wyner & Peters present a method for helping humans to identify legal factors in cases. Finally, Boer & van Engers go back to the generic problem solving tasks of knowledge systems research of more than two decades ago, now in the context of public administrations and with an eye on agents' roles.
Two invited lectures were given, a more theoretical one by prof. Wiebe van der Hoek of the University of Liverpool on “Reasoning about Normative Systems” and a more applied one by John Sheridan, Head of e-Services in the Information Policy and Services Directorate of the UK's National Archives on delivering legislation online using a Linked Data approach. Two workshops were organized, one on “Modelling Legal Cases and Legal Rules” and one on “Online Dispute Resolution”.
A conference like JURIX is not possible without the effort and support of the members of the Program Committee:
Kevin D. Ashley (Univ. of Pittsburgh, USA)
Katie Atkinson (University of Liverpool, UK)
Danielle Bourcier (University of Paris 2, France)
Joost Breuker (University of Amsterdam, NL)
Pompeu Casanovas (Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain)
Jack Conrad (Thomson Legal & Regulatory, USA)
Tom van Engers (University of Amsterdam, NL)
Enrico Francesconi (ITTIG-CNR, Florence, Italy)
Thomas F. Gordon (Fraunhofer FOKUS, Berlin, Germany)
Guido Governatori (University of Queensland, Australia)
Carole D. Hafner (Northeastern University, USA)
Rinke Hoekstra (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, NL)
Gloria Lau (FindLaw, USA)
Arno Lodder (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, NL)
Qiang Lu (Thomson Reuters, USA)
L. Thorne McCarty (Rutgers University, USA)
Marie-Francine Moens (K.U. Leuven, Belgium)
Laurens Mommers (Universiteit Leiden, NL)
Monica Palmirani (University of Bologna, Italy)
Henry Prakken (Utrecht University, NL)
Paulo Quaresma (Universidade de Evora & Nova de Lisboa, Portugal)
Giovanni Sartor (Università di Bologna, Italy)
Ken Satoh (National Institute of Informatics and Sokendai, Tokyo, Japan)
Burkhard Schafer (University of Edinburgh, Scotland)
Uri Schild (Bar Ilan University, Israel)
Erich Schweighofer (Universität Wien, Austria)
Bart Verheij (University of Groningen, NL)
Fabio Vitali (University of Bologna, Italy)
Douglas N. Walton (Univ. of Windsor, Canada)
Adam Wyner (University of Liverpool, UK)
John Zeleznikow (Victoria University, Australia)
Thanks also to the external referees, for their invaluable support to the work of the Program Committee. We thank all authors for submitting their work, and those of accepted papers for responding to the reviewers' comments and abiding by our production schedule. Finally a special thanks to Katie Atkinson for taking on the responsibility of organising JURIX 2010.
I would like to end with a personal note. This 23rd JURIX conference is a special one for me since this is the last one in my period as president of the JURIX foundation, a position I have held since 2002. One of my goals has always been to increase the international orientation of JURIX and its conferences. The first step was to host the conference outside of the Netherlands, so we moved to London in 2002. The second step was a foreign program chair, Trevor Bench-Capon, from the University of Liverpool in 2002. Since then the conference has gone abroad every other year (Berlin, Brussels, Paris and Florence) and the program committee has become larger and more international as has the number of submitted papers and conference participants. This year we are back in the United Kingdom, in Liverpool. Until now I have attended all 23 JURIX conferences with great pleasure and interest and hope to continue that for a long time.
Leibniz Center for Law, University of Amsterdam, firstname.lastname@example.org